Ya toda me entregué y di,

Santa Teresa de Avila was writing poetry at the same time and of the same type as San Juan de la Cruz – poems of strong transcendent faith, sometimes mystical and sometimes, like in this poem, directly following the style and content of a secular love poem. The impact of a religious poem was clearly greater if it could adopt the language of great love poetry.

I do not know what the title refers to, perhaps some words from the Bible or another well-known religious text perhaps?

Sobre aquellas palabras “Dilectus “meus mihi”
Santa Teresa de Ávila

Ya toda me entregué y di,
y de tal suerte he trocado,
que es mi Amado para mí,
y yo soy para mi Amado.

Cuando el dulce Cazador
me tiró y dejó rendida,
en los brazos del amor
mi alma quedó caída,
y cobrando nueva vida
de tal manera he trocado,
que es mi Amado para mí,
y yo soy para mi Amado.

Hiriome con una flecha
enherbolada de amor,
y mi alma quedó hecha
una con su Criador;
ya yo no quiero otro amor,
pues a mi Dios me he entregado,
y mi Amado es para mí,
y yo soy para mi amado.

From <http://www.ciudadseva.com/textos/poesia/esp/avila/sobre_aquellas_palabras_dilectus_meus_mihi.htm&gt;

Looking at the poem on the page, it seems to have two and a half stanzas, with the half-stanza kicking things off, and introducing the theme which will be repeated n the following two complete stanzas, “es mi Amado para mi, y yo soy para mi Amado” – my Lover is for me and I am for my Lover. This could be a strong declaration of physical love, but in the hands of this poet, it is a statement of mystical union between the poet and God.

The second stanza introduces Cupid as the “dulce Cazador:, the gentle hunter sending his arrow to make the poet fall in love. Again this image could be taken from almost any secular love poem of the period.

But the third stanza removes all ambiguity about the nature of this love. Cupid’s arrow has made her one with her Creator – she wants no other love because she is dedicating her life and her self to God. The final repetition of the theme reinforces the declaration of love, somehow reinforced now that it has made clear without a doubt that it is divine love.

The lines are short, the language is clear and simple, clearly intellectual wordplay was not the intent here, but simple expression of love and religious fervour.

The Poetry Dude


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