Estas son y seran ya las postreras

Here is a sonnet from Francisco de Quevedo on the theme of the effects of disappointment in love. The title just about sums it all up – Surrender of the lover in exile who gives himself up to the power of his sadness. And as we will see at the end of the poem, for poetic purposes sadness is fatal, not transitory.

Rendimiento de amante desterrado 

que se deja en poder de su tristeza

Éstas son y serán ya las postreras

lágrimas que, con fuerza de voz viva,

perderé en esta fuente fugitiva,

que las lleva a la sed de tantas fieras.

¡Dichoso yo que, en playas extranjeras,

siendo alimento a pena tan esquiva,

halle muerte piadosa, que derriba

tanto vano edificio de quimeras!

Espírito desnudo, puro amante,

sobre el sol arderé, y el cuerpo frío

se acordará de Amor en polvo y tierra.

Yo me seré epitafio al caminante,

pues le dirá, sin vida, el rostro mío:

“Ya fue gloria de Amor hacerme guerra.”

From <http://ingber.spanish.sbc.edu/cgi-bin/sonnets.py?activity=get_poem&poem_id=quevedo20>

The poet has gone into exile after disappointment in love, We find him in the first eight lines weeping his final tears in a wild place far from his native country, where his tears will be a source of water for the many wild beasts. He considers himself fortunate f he can find death n such a place.

And in the final six lines, the poet’s love remains pure, but it will only be remembered in the dust and earth of this desolate place. Some stranger may walk by and find his body in which his own epitaph can be read – it was the glory of Love to make war on me.

This is indeed Baroque in tone as well as in style and language.

The Poetry Dude

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